CIPHERS
Section: OpenSSL (1)Updated: 20090930
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NAME
ciphers  SSL cipher display and cipher list tool.SYNOPSIS
openssl ciphers [v] [V] [ssl2] [ssl3] [tls1] [cipherlist]DESCRIPTION
The ciphers command converts textual OpenSSL cipher lists into ordered SSL cipher preference lists. It can be used as a test tool to determine the appropriate cipherlist.COMMAND OPTIONS
 v
 Verbose option. List ciphers with a complete description of protocol version (SSLv2 or SSLv3; the latter includes TLS), key exchange, authentication, encryption and mac algorithms used along with any key size restrictions and whether the algorithm is classed as an ``export'' cipher. Note that without the v option, ciphers may seem to appear twice in a cipher list; this is when similar ciphers are available for SSL v2 and for SSL v3/TLS v1.
 V
 Like V, but include cipher suite codes in output (hex format).
 ssl3
 only include SSL v3 ciphers.
 ssl2
 only include SSL v2 ciphers.
 tls1
 only include TLS v1 ciphers.
 h, ?
 print a brief usage message.
 cipherlist
 a cipher list to convert to a cipher preference list. If it is not included then the default cipher list will be used. The format is described below.
CIPHER LIST FORMAT
The cipher list consists of one or more cipher strings separated by colons. Commas or spaces are also acceptable separators but colons are normally used.The actual cipher string can take several different forms.
It can consist of a single cipher suite such as RC4SHA.
It can represent a list of cipher suites containing a certain algorithm, or cipher suites of a certain type. For example SHA1 represents all ciphers suites using the digest algorithm SHA1 and SSLv3 represents all SSL v3 algorithms.
Lists of cipher suites can be combined in a single cipher string using the + character. This is used as a logical and operation. For example SHA1+DES represents all cipher suites containing the SHA1 and the DES algorithms.
Each cipher string can be optionally preceded by the characters !,  or +.
If ! is used then the ciphers are permanently deleted from the list. The ciphers deleted can never reappear in the list even if they are explicitly stated.
If  is used then the ciphers are deleted from the list, but some or all of the ciphers can be added again by later options.
If + is used then the ciphers are moved to the end of the list. This option doesn't add any new ciphers it just moves matching existing ones.
If none of these characters is present then the string is just interpreted as a list of ciphers to be appended to the current preference list. If the list includes any ciphers already present they will be ignored: that is they will not moved to the end of the list.
Additionally the cipher string @STRENGTH can be used at any point to sort the current cipher list in order of encryption algorithm key length.
CIPHER STRINGS
The following is a list of all permitted cipher strings and their meanings. DEFAULT
 the default cipher list. This is determined at compile time and, as of OpenSSL 1.0.0, is normally ALL:!aNULL:!eNULL. This must be the first cipher string specified.
 COMPLEMENTOFDEFAULT
 the ciphers included in ALL, but not enabled by default. Currently this is ADH. Note that this rule does not cover eNULL, which is not included by ALL (use COMPLEMENTOFALL if necessary).
 ALL
 all cipher suites except the eNULL ciphers which must be explicitly enabled; as of OpenSSL, the ALL cipher suites are reasonably ordered by default
 COMPLEMENTOFALL
 the cipher suites not enabled by ALL, currently being eNULL.
 HIGH
 ``high'' encryption cipher suites. This currently means those with key lengths larger than 128 bits, and some cipher suites with 128bit keys.
 MEDIUM
 ``medium'' encryption cipher suites, currently some of those using 128 bit encryption.
 LOW
 ``low'' encryption cipher suites, currently those using 64 or 56 bit encryption algorithms but excluding export cipher suites.
 EXP, EXPORT
 export encryption algorithms. Including 40 and 56 bits algorithms.
 EXPORT40
 40 bit export encryption algorithms
 EXPORT56
 56 bit export encryption algorithms. In OpenSSL 0.9.8c and later the set of 56 bit export ciphers is empty unless OpenSSL has been explicitly configured with support for experimental ciphers.
 eNULL, NULL
 the ``NULL'' ciphers that is those offering no encryption. Because these offer no encryption at all and are a security risk they are disabled unless explicitly included.
 aNULL
 the cipher suites offering no authentication. This is currently the anonymous DH algorithms. These cipher suites are vulnerable to a ``man in the middle'' attack and so their use is normally discouraged.
 kRSA, RSA
 cipher suites using RSA key exchange.
 kEDH
 cipher suites using ephemeral DH key agreement.
 kDHr, kDHd
 cipher suites using DH key agreement and DH certificates signed by CAs with RSA and DSS keys respectively. Not implemented.
 aRSA
 cipher suites using RSA authentication, i.e. the certificates carry RSA keys.
 aDSS, DSS
 cipher suites using DSS authentication, i.e. the certificates carry DSS keys.
 aDH
 cipher suites effectively using DH authentication, i.e. the certificates carry DH keys. Not implemented.
 kFZA, aFZA, eFZA, FZA
 ciphers suites using FORTEZZA key exchange, authentication, encryption or all FORTEZZA algorithms. Not implemented.
 TLSv1, SSLv3, SSLv2
 TLS v1.0, SSL v3.0 or SSL v2.0 cipher suites respectively.
 DH
 cipher suites using DH, including anonymous DH.
 ADH
 anonymous DH cipher suites.
 AES
 cipher suites using AES.
 CAMELLIA
 cipher suites using Camellia.
 3DES
 cipher suites using triple DES.
 DES
 cipher suites using DES (not triple DES).
 RC4
 cipher suites using RC4.
 RC2
 cipher suites using RC2.
 IDEA
 cipher suites using IDEA.
 SEED
 cipher suites using SEED.
 MD5
 cipher suites using MD5.
 SHA1, SHA
 cipher suites using SHA1.
 aGOST
 cipher suites using GOST R 34.10 (either 2001 or 94) for authenticaction (needs an engine supporting GOST algorithms).
 aGOST01
 cipher suites using GOST R 34.102001 authentication.
 aGOST94
 cipher suites using GOST R 34.1094 authentication (note that R 34.1094 standard has been expired so use GOST R 34.102001)
 kGOST
 cipher suites, using VKO 34.10 key exchange, specified in the RFC 4357.
 GOST94
 cipher suites, using HMAC based on GOST R 34.1194.
 GOST89MAC
 cipher suites using GOST 2814789 MAC instead of HMAC.
CIPHER SUITE NAMES
The following lists give the SSL or TLS cipher suites names from the relevant specification and their OpenSSL equivalents. It should be noted, that several cipher suite names do not include the authentication used, e.g. DESCBC3SHA. In these cases, RSA authentication is used.SSL v3.0 cipher suites.
SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5 NULLMD5 SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA NULLSHA SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5 EXPRC4MD5 SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 RC4MD5 SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA RC4SHA SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC2_CBC_40_MD5 EXPRC2CBCMD5 SSL_RSA_WITH_IDEA_CBC_SHA IDEACBCSHA SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPDESCBCSHA SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA DESCBCSHA SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA DESCBC3SHA SSL_DH_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA Not implemented. SSL_DH_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA Not implemented. SSL_DH_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA Not implemented. SSL_DH_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA Not implemented. SSL_DH_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA Not implemented. SSL_DH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA Not implemented. SSL_DHE_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPEDHDSSDESCBCSHA SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA EDHDSSCBCSHA SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA EDHDSSDESCBC3SHA SSL_DHE_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPEDHRSADESCBCSHA SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA EDHRSADESCBCSHA SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA EDHRSADESCBC3SHA SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5 EXPADHRC4MD5 SSL_DH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 ADHRC4MD5 SSL_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPADHDESCBCSHA SSL_DH_anon_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA ADHDESCBCSHA SSL_DH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA ADHDESCBC3SHA SSL_FORTEZZA_KEA_WITH_NULL_SHA Not implemented. SSL_FORTEZZA_KEA_WITH_FORTEZZA_CBC_SHA Not implemented. SSL_FORTEZZA_KEA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA Not implemented.
TLS v1.0 cipher suites.
TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5 NULLMD5 TLS_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA NULLSHA TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5 EXPRC4MD5 TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 RC4MD5 TLS_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA RC4SHA TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC2_CBC_40_MD5 EXPRC2CBCMD5 TLS_RSA_WITH_IDEA_CBC_SHA IDEACBCSHA TLS_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPDESCBCSHA TLS_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA DESCBCSHA TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA DESCBC3SHA TLS_DH_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DHE_DSS_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPEDHDSSDESCBCSHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA EDHDSSCBCSHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA EDHDSSDESCBC3SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPEDHRSADESCBCSHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA EDHRSADESCBCSHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA EDHRSADESCBC3SHA TLS_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5 EXPADHRC4MD5 TLS_DH_anon_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 ADHRC4MD5 TLS_DH_anon_EXPORT_WITH_DES40_CBC_SHA EXPADHDESCBCSHA TLS_DH_anon_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA ADHDESCBCSHA TLS_DH_anon_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA ADHDESCBC3SHA
AES ciphersuites from RFC3268, extending TLS v1.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA AES128SHA TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA AES256SHA TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA DHEDSSAES128SHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA DHEDSSAES256SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA DHERSAAES128SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA DHERSAAES256SHA TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA ADHAES128SHA TLS_DH_anon_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA ADHAES256SHA
Camellia ciphersuites from RFC4132, extending TLS v1.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA CAMELLIA128SHA TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA CAMELLIA256SHA TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA DHEDSSCAMELLIA128SHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA DHEDSSCAMELLIA256SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA DHERSACAMELLIA128SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA DHERSACAMELLIA256SHA TLS_DH_anon_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA ADHCAMELLIA128SHA TLS_DH_anon_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA ADHCAMELLIA256SHA
SEED ciphersuites from RFC4162, extending TLS v1.0
TLS_RSA_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA SEEDSHA TLS_DH_DSS_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DH_RSA_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA Not implemented. TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA DHEDSSSEEDSHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA DHERSASEEDSHA TLS_DH_anon_WITH_SEED_CBC_SHA ADHSEEDSHA
GOST ciphersuites from draftchudovcryptoprocptls, extending TLS v1.0
Note: these ciphers require an engine which including GOST cryptographic algorithms, such as the ccgost engine, included in the OpenSSL distribution.
TLS_GOSTR341094_WITH_28147_CNT_IMIT GOST94GOST89GOST89 TLS_GOSTR341001_WITH_28147_CNT_IMIT GOST2001GOST89GOST89 TLS_GOSTR341094_WITH_NULL_GOSTR3411 GOST94NULLGOST94 TLS_GOSTR341001_WITH_NULL_GOSTR3411 GOST2001NULLGOST94
Additional Export 1024 and other cipher suites
Note: these ciphers can also be used in SSL v3.
TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA EXP1024DESCBCSHA TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_RC4_56_SHA EXP1024RC4SHA TLS_DHE_DSS_EXPORT1024_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA EXP1024DHEDSSDESCBCSHA TLS_DHE_DSS_EXPORT1024_WITH_RC4_56_SHA EXP1024DHEDSSRC4SHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_RC4_128_SHA DHEDSSRC4SHA
SSL v2.0 cipher suites.
SSL_CK_RC4_128_WITH_MD5 RC4MD5 SSL_CK_RC4_128_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5 EXPRC4MD5 SSL_CK_RC2_128_CBC_WITH_MD5 RC2MD5 SSL_CK_RC2_128_CBC_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5 EXPRC2MD5 SSL_CK_IDEA_128_CBC_WITH_MD5 IDEACBCMD5 SSL_CK_DES_64_CBC_WITH_MD5 DESCBCMD5 SSL_CK_DES_192_EDE3_CBC_WITH_MD5 DESCBC3MD5
NOTES
The nonephemeral DH modes are currently unimplemented in OpenSSL because there is no support for DH certificates.Some compiled versions of OpenSSL may not include all the ciphers listed here because some ciphers were excluded at compile time.
EXAMPLES
Verbose listing of all OpenSSL ciphers including NULL ciphers:
openssl ciphers v 'ALL:eNULL'
Include all ciphers except NULL and anonymous DH then sort by strength:
openssl ciphers v 'ALL:!ADH:@STRENGTH'
Include only 3DES ciphers and then place RSA ciphers last:
openssl ciphers v '3DES:+RSA'
Include all RC4 ciphers but leave out those without authentication:
openssl ciphers v 'RC4:!COMPLEMENTOFDEFAULT'
Include all chiphers with RSA authentication but leave out ciphers without encryption.
openssl ciphers v 'RSA:!COMPLEMENTOFALL'
SEE ALSO
s_client(1), s_server(1), ssl(3)HISTORY
The COMPLENTOFALL and COMPLEMENTOFDEFAULT selection options for cipherlist strings were added in OpenSSL 0.9.7. The V option for the ciphers command was added in OpenSSL 1.0.0.
Index
 NAME
 SYNOPSIS
 DESCRIPTION
 COMMAND OPTIONS
 CIPHER LIST FORMAT
 CIPHER STRINGS
 CIPHER SUITE NAMES

 SSL v3.0 cipher suites.
 TLS v1.0 cipher suites.
 AES ciphersuites from RFC3268, extending TLS v1.0
 Camellia ciphersuites from RFC4132, extending TLS v1.0
 SEED ciphersuites from RFC4162, extending TLS v1.0
 GOST ciphersuites from draftchudovcryptoprocptls, extending TLS v1.0
 Additional Export 1024 and other cipher suites
 SSL v2.0 cipher suites.
 NOTES
 EXAMPLES
 SEE ALSO
 HISTORY
This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 05:29:02 GMT, December 24, 2015